Multicultural Counseling and Social Justice Competencies
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Books and Articles


  1. Yellow Raft in Blue Water by Michael Dorris is one of the best fiction books I've read. It's about a young woman who's father is African American and mother is Choctaw (if I remember correctly, I loaned the book out and haven't seen it again). The book travels through critical events in her life, then her mother's, then her mother's mother's life.
  2. All of Tony Hillerman's books are easy reading mysteries, captivating, and give glimpses into some ideas about contemporary Navajo culture (some of his books are not set in the Navajo community, one is in Washington D.C, one in Cambodia, one in Hopi country, and a few others).
  3. The Redneck Way of Knowledge: Down-Home Tales by Blanche McCrary Boyd is a book about a Southern White lesbian woman returning to the South and rediscovering that aspect of her identity within the Southern culture in which she grew up.
  4. A Step from Heaven by An Na is a story about a Vietnamese American woman who immigrated to the United States and her struggles to adapt.
  5. Stone Butch Blues by Leslie Feinberg is a story about a White lesbian/butch/transgender individual and her/his development and relationships from childhood to adulthood.
  6. Bonesetter’s Daughter by Amy Tan is a story about a Chinese American heterosexual woman and her mother. Includes her relationship with her mother and the influence of ancestors and culture on her life.
  7. Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez by Richard Rodriguez (Mexican American man).

Cultural Competence

  1. Anderson, S. K. & Middleton, V. A. (Eds.)(2005) Explorations in privilege, oppression, and diversity. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  2. Arredondo, P., Toporek, R., Brown, S., Jones, J., Locke, D. Sanchez, J., & Stadler, H. (1996). Operationalization of multicultural counseling competencies. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 24(1), 42-78.
  3. Atkinson, D. R., Thompson, C. E. & Grant, S. K. (1993). A three-dimensional model for counseling racial/ethnic minorities. The Counseling Psychologist, 21(2), 257-277.
  4. Carter, R. T. & Helms, J. E (1992). The counseling process as defined by the relationship types: A test of Helms’s interactional model. Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development, 20(4), 181-201.
  5. Ponterotto, J.G. , Casas, J.M. , Suzuki, L.A. , & Alexander, C.M. (Eds.)(2001). Handbook of multicultural counseling (2nd ed.), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  6. Pope-Davis, D.B. & Coleman, H.L.K. (Eds.)(2000). The intersection of race, class and gender in counseling psychology (pp. 385-413). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  7. Pope-Davis, D.B. , Coleman, H.L.K. , Liu, W.M. , & Toporek, R.L. (Eds.)(2003), Handbook of multicultural competence for counseling and psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  8. Pope-Davis, D.B., Toporek, R.L., Ligiero, D., Ortega, L., Bashshur, M. L., Brittan-Powell, C.S., Liu, W.M., Codrington, J., & Liang, C. (2002). A qualitative study of clients’ perspectives of multicultural counseling competence. The Counseling Psychologist, 30(3), 355-393.
  9. Rastogi, M. & Wieling, E. (Eds.)(2005). Voices of Color: First-person accounts of ethnic minority therapists (pp. 155-168). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  10. Roysircar, G. , Sandhu, D. S. , & Bibbins, Sr. V. E. (Eds.) (2003). Multicultural competencies: A guidebook of practices, In (pp. 217-229), Alexandria, VA: Association of Multicultural Counseling and Development.
  11. Schnitzer, P. K. (1996). “They don’t come in!” Stories told, lessons taught about poor families in therapy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66(4), 572-582.
  12. Slattery, J. M. (2004). Counseling Diverse clients: Bringing context into therapy. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  13. Toporek, R.L. & Reza, J.V. (2001). Context as a critical dimension of multicultural counseling: Articulating personal, professional, and institutional competence. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 29(1), 13-30.

Culture Specific Information

  1. McIntosh, P. (July/August 1989). White privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Peace and Freedom, 10-12.
  2. Nassar-McMillan, S. C. & Hakim-Larson, J. (2003). Counseling considerations among Arab Americans. Journal of Counseling and Development, 81, 150-159.

Social Justice and Advocacy

  1. Lewis, J. & Bradley, L. (Eds.)(2000). Advocacy in counseling: Counselors, clients, and community, Greensboro, NC: Caps Publications.
  2. Toporek, R.L., Gerstein, L., Fouad, N., Roysircar, G. S., Israel, T. (in press). Handbook for social justice in counseling psychology: Leadership, vision, & action. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  3. Walz, G., & Lee, C. (1998). Social action: A mandate for counselors. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

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©Rebecca L. Toporek (2008)